Scutellaire du Baïkal

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Nom de la plante

Scutellaire du Baïkal, Chinese skullcap (anglais), Huang Qin (chinois), Radix Scutellariae Baicalensis

Dénomination latine internationale

Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi = Scutellaria macrantha Fisch. (Scutellaria baikalensis)

Famille botanique


Description et habitat

  • Arbuste à feuilles lancéolées et fleurs bleu-violet, de 30 à 120 cm de haut
  • Plante d’Asie, Chine, Japon, Corée, Russie, talus herbeux et ensoleillés, terres incultes jusqu’à 2000 m d’altitude

Histoire et tradition

  • Plante de la Pharmacopée traditionnelle chinoise
  • Scutellaria lateriflora L. d’Amérique du Nord est utilisée dans les rites de purification lorsque les tabous sexuels avaient été enfreints, et contre la rage, actuellement comme sédatif nerveux

Parties utilisées

  • Racine âgée de 3 à 4 ans

Formes galéniques disponibles

Dosages usuels


Composants principaux de la plante

Composants principaux des bourgeons ou jeunes pousses

Composants principaux de l'huile essentielle


Propriétés de la plante

Propriétés du bourgeon

Propriétés de l'huile essentielle


Indications de la plante entière (phytothérapie)

  • Hépatites toxiques et virales
  • Asthme, rhume des foins, bronchite chronique
  • Hypertension artérielle
  • Acouphènes (?)

Indications du bourgeon (gemmothérapie)

Indications spécifiques de l'huile essentielle (aromathérapie)

Mode d'action connu ou présumé

Formulations usuelles


Effets indésirables éventuels et précautions d'emploi

Références bibliographiques

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  2. Kowalczyk E, Krzesiński P, Kura M, Niedworok J, Kowalski J, Błaszczyk J. [Pharmacological effects of flavonoids from Scutellaria baicalensis]. Przegl Lek. 2006;63(2):95-6. PMID 16967717
  3. Ye F, Che Y, McMillen E, Gorski J, Brodman D, Saw D, Jiang B, Zhang DY. The effect of Scutellaria baicalensis on the signaling network in hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Nutr Cancer. 2009;61(4):530-7. PMID 19838925
  4. Wang CZ, Li XL, Wang QF, Mehendale SR, Yuan CS. Selective fraction of Scutellaria baicalensis and its chemopreventive effects on MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. Phytomedicine. 2010 Jan;17(1):63-8. PMID 19836937
  5. David Y. Zhang, Josephine Wu, Fei Ye, Li Xue, Shiquan Jiang, Jizu Yi, Wandi Zhang, Huachen Wei, Max Sung, Wayne Wang, Xiaoping Li. Inhibition of Cancer Cell Proliferation and Prostaglandin E2 Synthesis by Scutellaria Baicalensis. Cancer Res July 15, 2003 63; 4037 [1]
  6. Ye F, Xui L, Yi J, Zhang W, Zhang DY. Anticancer activity of Scutellaria baicalensis and its potential mechanism. J Altern Complement Med. 2002 Oct;8(5):567-72. PMID 12470437
  7. Scheck AC, Perry K, Hank NC, Clark WD. Anticancer activity of extracts derived from the mature roots of Scutellaria baicalensis on human malignant brain tumor cells. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2006 Aug 16;6:27. PMID 16914050
  8. Razina TG, Zueva EP, Amosova EN, Krylova SG. [Medicinal plant preparations used as adjuvant therapeutics in experimental oncology] Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2000 Sep-Oct;63(5):59-61. PMID 11109531
  9. Zhonghong Gao, Kaixun Huang, Xiangliang Yang ,Huibi Xu. Free radical scavenging and antioxidant activities of flavonoids extracted from the radix of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Volume 1472, Issue 3, 16 November 1999, Pages 643-650
  10. Zhonghong Gao, Kaixun Huang, Huibi Xu. Protective effects of flavonoids in the roots of scutellaria baicalensis georgi against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in hs-sy5y cells. Pharmacological Research, Volume 43, Issue 2, February 2001, Pages 173-178
  11. Yu X, He G, Du G. Neuroprotective effect of baicalein in patients with Parkinson's disease. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2012 Feb;37(4):421-5. PMID 22667137
  12. Hong DP, Fink AL, Uversky VN. Structural characteristics of alpha-synuclein oligomers stabilized by the flavonoid baicalein. J Mol Biol. 2008 Oct 31;383(1):214-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jmb.2008.08.039. PMID 18775438 texte intégral
  13. Kang TH, Hong BN, Park C, Kim SY, Park R. Effect of baicalein from Scutellaria baicalensis on prevention of noise-induced hearing loss. Neurosci Lett. 2010 Jan 29;469(3):298-302. PMID 20004700
  14. Kim DS, Son EJ, Kim M, Heo YM, Nam JB, Ro JY, Woo SS. Antiallergic Herbal Composition from Scutellaria baicalensis and Phyllostachys edulis. Planta Med. 2009 Dec 3. PMID 19960410
  15. Bui TT, Piao CH, Song CH, Lee CH, Shin HS,5, Chai OH. Baicalein, wogonin, and Scutellaria baicalensis ethanol extract alleviate ovalbumin-induced allergic airway inflammation and mast cell-mediated anaphylactic shock by regulation of Th1/Th2 imbalance and histamine release. Anat Cell Biol. 2017 Jun;50(2):124-134. doi: 10.5115/acb.2017.50.2.124. PMID 28713616
  16. Zandi K, Lim T, Rahim N, Shu M, Teoh B, Sam S, Danlami M, Tan K, Abubakar S. Extract of Scutellaria baicalensis inhibits dengue virus replication. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2013, 13:91 (29 April 2013) Abstract Provisional PDF
  17. F Chen, K.H Chan, Y Jiang, R.Y.T Kao, H.T Lu, K.W Fan, V.C.C Cheng, W.H.W Tsui, I.F.N Hung, T.S.W Lee, Y Guan, J.S.M Peiris, K.Y Yuen. In vitro susceptibility of 10 clinical isolates of SARS coronavirus to selected antiviral compounds. Journal of Clinical Virology, Volume 31, Issue 1, 2004, Pages 69-75,
  18. Yuen, K. Y., Chen, F., Chan, K. H., Kao, Y. T., Guan, Y., Poon, L. L. M., & Peiris, J. (2005). Baicalin, and its derivatives as a treatment for SARS coronavirus infection or other related infections. WO2005044291.
  19. Soo Hyun Cho, Yoosik Yoon, Young Yang. The Evaluation of the Body Weight Lowering Effects of Herbal Extract THI on Exercising Healthy Overweight Humans: A Randomized Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2013; 2013: 758273. doi: 10.1155/2013/758273 PMCID: PMC3830815 texte intégral
  20. Ahn T, Lee J, Cheon S, An H, Kook Y. Protective effect of Sam-Hwang-Sa-Sim-Tang against hepatic steatosis in mice fed a high-cholesterol diet. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2013, 13:366 (23 December 2013) Abstract texte intégral
  21. Bae N, Ahn T, Chung S, Oh MS, Ko H, Oh H, Park G, Yang HO. The neuroprotective effect of modified Yeoldahanso-tang via autophagy enhancement in models of Parkinson's disease. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Mar 24;134(2):313-22. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2010.12.016. PMID 21172413
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  23. Shin IS, Lee MY, Kim Y, Seo CS, Kim JH, Shin HK. Subacute toxicity and stability of Soshiho-tang, a traditional herbal formula, in Sprague--Dawley rats. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012, 12:266 (27 December 2012) Abstract, Provisional PDF
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  • Zhen-Yu Chen, Ya-Lun Su, Yu-Rong Bi, Suk Ying Tsang and Yu Huang. Effect of baicalein and acetone extract of Scutellaria baicalensis on canola oil oxidation. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, Volume 77, Number 1, 73-78