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Nom de la plante


  1. Grand galanga (galangal)
  2. Petit galanga

Dénomination latine internationale

  1. Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd. (grand galanga) ou galanga de l'Inde, galanga thaïlandais, galanga thaï
  2. Alpinia officinarum Hance (petit galanga)

Famille botanique

Description et habitat

  • Plante herbacée vivace atteignant 2 mètres de hauteur pour le grand galanga, 1 mètre pour le petit galanga
  • Le rhizome charnu est blanc, fibreux et aromatique, les jeunes pousses roses, les tiges fortes, l'inflorescence à l'extrémité des rameaux porte de nombreuses fleurs parfumées, jaune-blanchâtres

Histoire et tradition

  • Le galanga est surtout utilisé dans la cuisine d'Asie du sud-est (Cambodge, Thaïlande, Indonésie…)
  • Plante de la Médecine ayurvédique et de la Médecine traditionnelle chinoise
  • Le galanga est connu en Occident depuis le XII° siècle pour ses propriétés thérapeutiques, décrites par Platéarius et Sainte Hildegarde de Bingen
  • Utilisé en médecine traditionnelle pour les rhumatismes, l'eczéma, la gastrite, la bronchite, le coryza, l'otite moyenne [1], et plus spécifiquement les douleurs : maux de dents, douleurs abdominales, douleurs musculaires et douleurs articulaires
  • Attention à la ressource, Alpinia galanga serait en voie de raréfaction [2]

Parties utilisées

  • Rhizome

Formes galéniques disponibles

  • Poudre

Dosages usuels


Composants principaux de la plante

Composants principaux des bourgeons ou jeunes pousses

Composants principaux de l'huile essentielle


Propriétés de la plante

Propriétés du bourgeon

Propriétés de l'huile essentielle


Indications de la plante entière (phytothérapie)

  • Utilisé en médecine traditionnelle comme stimulant, aphrodisiaque, antibactérien, béchique, cholagogue, digestif, carminatif, antidiarrhéique, dans certaines maladies de peau

Indications du bourgeon (gemmothérapie)

Indications spécifiques de l'huile essentielle (aromathérapie)

Mode d'action connu ou présumé

Formulations usuelles


Effets indésirables éventuels et précautions d'emploi

Références bibliographiques

  1. Eram, S., M. Mujahid, P. Bagga, M. ARIF, M. A. Ahmad, A. Kumar, F. Ahsan, and M. S. Akhter. “A review on phytopharmacological activity of Alpinia galanga”. International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 11, no. 3, Mar. 2019, pp. 6-11, doi:10.22159/ijpps.2019v11i3.31352.
  2. Shetty G, Raviraja & Monisha, S.. (2015). Pharmacology of an endangered medicinal plant Alpinia galanga - A review. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences. 6. 499-511.
  3. Mahae, N., & Chaiseri, S. (2009). Antioxidant activities and antioxidative components in extracts of Alpinia galanga (L.) Sw. Agriculture and Natural Resources, 43(2), 358-369.
  4. Daitetsu Shin, Kaoru Kinoshita, Kiyotaka Koyama, Kunio Takahashi. Antiemetic Principles of Alpinia officinarum. J. Nat. Prod., 2002, 65 (9), pp 1315–1318 [1]
  5. Jian-Hui Xie, Yun-Long Chen, Qing-He Wu, Jun Wu, Ji-Yan Su, Hong-Yin Cao, Yu-Cui Li, Yi-Sheng Li, Jin-Bin Liao, Xiao-Ping Lai, Ping Huang, Zi-Ren Su. Gastroprotective and anti-Helicobacter pylori potential of herbal formula HZJW: safety and efficacy assessment. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2013, 13:119 texte intégral
  6. Kumar S, Alagawadi KR (2013) Anti-obesity effects of galangin, a pancreatic lipase inhibitor in cafeteria diet fed female rats. Pharm Biol 51: 607-613.
  7. Xia DZ, Yu XF, Wang HM, Ren QY, Chen BM (2010) Anti-obesity and hypolipidemic effects of ethanolic extract from Alpinia officinarum Hance (Zingiberaceae) in rats fed high-fat diet. J Med Food 13: 785-791.
  8. Jung CH, Jang SJ, Ahn J, Gwon SY, Jeon TI, et al. (2012) Alpinia officinarum inhibits adipocyte differentiation and high-fat diet- induced obesity in mice through regulation of adipogenesis and lipogenesis. J Med Food 15: 959-967.
  9. Hisashi Matsuda, Shin Ando, Tomoko Kato, Toshio Morikawa and Masayuki Yoshikawa. Inhibitors from the rhizomes of Alpinia officinarum on production of nitric oxide in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages and the structural requirements of diarylheptanoids for the activity. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, Volume 14, Issue 1, 1 January 2006, Pages 138-142 PMID 16182539
  10. Ken Yasukawa, Yi Sun, Susumu Kitanaka, Naoyuki Tomizawa, Motofumi Miura, Shigeyasu Motohashi. Inhibitory effect of the rhizomes of Alpinia officinarum on TPA-induced inflammation and tumor promotion in two-stage carcinogenesis in mouse skin. Journal of Natural Medicines, Volume 62, Number 3, 374-378 [2]
  11. Prem N. Yadav, Zhihua Liu, Mohamed M. Rafi. A Diarylheptanoid from Lesser Galangal (Alpinia officinarum) Inhibits Proinflammatory Mediators via Inhibition of Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase, p44/42, and Transcription Factor Nuclear Factor-κB. JPET June 2003 vol. 305 no. 3 925-931 PMID 12626645 [3]
  12. Samarghandian S, Hajzadeh M, Afshari JT, Hosseini M. Antiproliferative activity and induction of apoptotic by ethanolic extract of Alpinia galanga rhizhome in human breast carcinoma cell line. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2014, 14:192 (17 June 2014) Abstract texte intégral
  13. Khairullah, A. R., Solikhah, T. I., Ansori, A. N. M., Fadholly, A., Ramandinianto, S. C., Ansharieta, R., ... & Anshori, A. (2020). A review of an important medicinal plant: Alpinia galanga (L.) willd. Syst Rev Pharm, 11(10), 387-395.
  14. Aljobair, M. O. (2022). Chemical composition, antimicrobial properties, and antioxidant activity of galangal rhizome. Food Science and Technology, 42, e45622.
  15. Ajay, G. N., & Vijaykumar, M. K. (2015). Comparative pharmagognostic and phytochemical investigation of two Alpinia species from Zingiberaceae family. World Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, 4(5), 1417-1432.
  16. H P Ciolino, G C Yeh. The flavonoid galangin is an inhibitor of CYP1A1 activity and an agonist/antagonist of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor. Br J Cancer. 1999 March; 79(9/10): 1340–1346. PMCID: PMC2362711
  17. Ashtari A, Niazvand F, Chamkouri N, Mohammadi A, Karami AB. The ameliorative effects of Alpinia officinarum rhizome hydroalcoholic extract on cisplatin-induced testicular toxicity in rats. JBRA Assist Reprod. 2023 Mar 30;27(1):41-48. doi: 10.5935/1518-0557.20220017. PMID 36098454; PMCID: PMC10065779.
  18. Hemabarathy, B., Budin, S. B., & Feizal, V. (2009). Paracetamol hepatotoxicity in rats treated with crude extract of Alpinia galanga. J Biol Sci, 9(1), 57-62. pdf
  19. Niazvand F, Ashtari A, Chamkouri N, Azari M. Hepatoprotective effects of Alpinia officinarum rhizome extract on cisplatin-induced hepatotoxicity in rats: A biochemical, histopathological and immunohistochemical study. J Trace Elem Med Biol. 2023 Dec;80:127306. doi: 10.1016/j.jtemb.2023.127306. Epub 2023 Sep 22. PMID 37757646.
  20. Pavitra Muniandy, Murugan Paramasivam, Nelson Jeng-Yeou Chear, Darshan Singh, Daruliza Kernain. A study of antibacterial efficacy of Alpinia galangal extracts against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis and Listeria monocytogenes. J. Pharm. Sci. & Res. Vol. 11(8), 2019, 3061-3066
  21. Rie Sawamura, Yi Sun, Ken Yasukawa, Tomomi Shimizu, Wataru Watanabe, Masahiko Kurokawa. Antiviral activities of diarylheptanoids against influenza virus in vitro. Journal of Natural Medicines, Volume 64, Number 1, 117-120
  22. Haraguchi H, Kuwata Y, Inada K, Shingu K, Miyahara K, Nagao M, Yagi A. Antifungal activity from Alpinia galanga and the competition for incorporation of unsaturated fatty acids in cell growth. Planta Med. 1996 Aug;62(4):308-13. doi: 10.1055/s-2006-957890. PMID 8792660.
  23. Kim Yong-Ung, Hyun Kyong Son, Hye Kyoung Song, Ahn Mi-Jeong, Sang Sup Lee, Seung Ki Lee. Inhibition of 5α-reductase activity by diarylheptanoids from Alpinia officinarum. Planta medica, 2003, vol. 69, no1, pp. 72-74 [4]
  24. Kaushik, D., Yadav, J., Kaushik, P., Sacher, D., & Rani, R. (2011). Current pharmacological and phytochemical studies of the plant Alpinia galanga. Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Xue Bao, 9(10), 1061-1065.
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  26. Ghosh, Asim, et al. "Anti-inflammatory activity of root of Alpinia galanga willd." Chronicles of Young Scientists, vol. 2, no. 3, July-Sept. 2011, p. 139. Gale OneFile: Health and Medicine, Accessed 19 Apr. 2024. [5]
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  32. Sriraj, Dasari & Rauf, Mohd. (2019). Evaluation of analgesic activity of ethanolic extract of alpinia galanga rhizomes in experimental animal models. Indian Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 5. 164-169. 10.18231/2393-9087.2018.0034.
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