Breu branco

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Nom de la plante

Breu branco, encens d'Amazonie, breu-branco, amescla, almécega

Dénomination latine internationale

Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand

Famille botanique

Burseraceae

Description et habitat

  • Arbre sempervirent de la forêt pluviale amazonienne, pionnier dans la reforestation, attire les oiseaux et les mammifères, pousse jusqu’à 1300 mètres d’altitude
  • Utilisé comme arbre ornemental et bois de construction

Histoire et tradition

Parties utilisées

Formes galéniques disponibles

Dosages usuels

Composition

Composants principaux de la plante

Composants principaux des bourgeons ou jeunes pousses

Composants principaux de l'huile essentielle

Propriétés

Propriétés de la plante

Propriétés du bourgeon

Propriétés de l'huile essentielle

  • Anti-inflammatoire [14], [15]
  • Antalgique [16]
  • Antimicrobienne, antioxydante [17]
  • Acaricide, insecticide [18], [19]
  • Antischistosomiase (bilharziose) [20]
  • Gastroprotecteur [21]
  • Antimutagène [22]
  • Propriétés antitumorales in vitro [23]

Indications

Indications de la plante entière (phytothérapie)

Indications du bourgeon (gemmothérapie)

Indications spécifiques de l'huile essentielle (aromathérapie)

  • Inflammations
  • Prévention des gastrites et ulcères d'estomac
  • Parasitoses (?)

Mode d'action connu ou présumé

Formulations usuelles

Réglementation

Effets indésirables éventuels et précautions d'emploi

Références bibliographiques

  1. P. N. Bandeira, M. I.L. Machado, F. S. Cavalcanti, T. L.G. Lemos. Essential Oil Composition of Leaves, Fruits and Resin of Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) March. Journal Of Essential Oil Research Vol. 13 , Iss. 1,2001
  2. Holanda Pinto SA, Pinto LM, Cunha GM, Chaves MH, Santos FA, Rao VS. Anti-inflammatory effect of alpha, beta-Amyrin, a pentacyclic triterpene from Protium heptaphyllum in rat model of acute periodontitis. Inflammopharmacology. 2008 Feb;16(1):48-52. PMID 18046512
  3. Melo CM, Morais TC, Tomé AR, Brito GA, Chaves MH, Rao VS, Santos FA. Anti-inflammatory effect of α,β-amyrin, a triterpene from Protium heptaphyllum, on cerulein-induced acute pancreatitis in mice. Inflamm Res. 2011 Jul;60(7):673-81. doi: 10.1007/s00011-011-0321-x. PMID 21400110
  4. Oliveira FA, Costa CL, Chaves MH, Almeida FR, Cavalcante IJ, Lima AF, Lima RC Jr, Silva RM, Campos AR, Santos FA, Rao VS. Attenuation of capsaicin-induced acute and visceral nociceptive pain by alpha- and beta-amyrin, a triterpene mixture isolated from Protium heptaphyllum resin in mice. Life Sci. 2005 Oct 21;77(23):2942-52. PMID 15964027
  5. Aragão GF, Cunha Pinheiro MC, Nogueira Bandeira P, Gomes Lemos TL, de Barros Viana GS. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of the isomeric mixture of alpha- and beta-amyrin from Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) march. J Herb Pharmacother. 2007;7(2):31-47. PMID 18285306
  6. Lima-Júnior RC, Oliveira FA, Gurgel LA, Cavalcante IJ, Santos KA, Campos DA, Vale CA, Silva RM, Chaves MH, Rao VS, Santos FA. Attenuation of visceral nociception by alpha- and beta-amyrin, a triterpenoid mixture isolated from the resin of Protium heptaphyllum, in mice. Planta Med. 2006 Jan;72(1):34-9. PMID 16450293
  7. Aragão GF, Carneiro LM, Junior AP, Vieira LC, Bandeira PN, Lemos TL, Viana GS. A possible mechanism for anxiolytic and antidepressant effects of alpha- and beta-amyrin from Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) March. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2006 Dec;85(4):827-34. PMID 17207523
  8. Aragão, G. F., Carneiro, L. M., Júnior, A. P., Bandeira, P. N., Lemos, T. L., & Viana, G. S. D. B. (2007). Antiplatelet Activity of α.-and β.-Amyrin, Isomeric Mixture from Protium heptaphyllum. Pharmaceutical Biology, 45(5), 343-349. [1]
  9. Ching J, Chua TK, Chin LC, Lau AJ, Pang YK, Jaya JM, Tan CH, Koh HL. Beta-amyrin from Ardisia elliptica Thunb. is more potent than aspirin in inhibiting collagen-induced platelet aggregation. Indian J Exp Biol. 2010 Mar;48(3):275-9. PMID 21046981 texte intégral
  10. Oliveira, F.A.; Vieira-Júnior, M.; Chaves, M.H.; Almeida, F.R.; Santos, K.A.; Martins, F.S. Silva, R.M.; Santos, F.A.; Rao, V.S.N. 2004a. Gastroprotective effect of the mixture of a and b-amyrin from Protium heptaphyllum: Role of Capsaicin-Sensitive Primary Afferent Neurons. Plant Med., 70: 780-782.
  11. Oliveira, F.A..; Vieira-Júnior, M.; Chaves, M.H.; Almeida, F.R.; Florêncio, M.G.; Lima-Júnior, R.C.P.; Martins, R.M.; Silva, R.M.; Santos, F.A.; Rao, V.S.N. 2004c. Gastoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of resin from Protium heptaphyllum in mice and rats. Pharmacol. Res., 49: 105-111.
  12. Oliveira FA, Chaves MH, Almeida FR, Lima RC Jr, Silva RM, Maia JL, Brito GA, Santos FA, Rao VS. Protective effect of alpha- and beta-amyrin, a triterpene mixture from Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) March. trunk wood resin, against acetaminophen-induced liver injury in mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005 Apr 8;98(1-2):103-8. PMID 15763370
  13. Oliveira, F.A., Lima-Júnior, C.P.; Cordeiro, W.M.; Vieira-Júnior, G.M.; Chaves, M.H.; Almeida, F.R.C.; Silva, R.M.; Santos, F.A.; Rao, V.S.N. 2004b. Pentacyclic triterpenoids, a,b-amyrins, suppress the scratching behavior in a mouse model of pruritus. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav., 78: 719-725.
  14. Siani AC, Ramos MF, Menezes-de-Lima O Jr, Ribeiro-dos-Santos R, Fernadez-Ferreira E, Soares RO, Rosas EC, Susunaga GS, Guimarães AC, Zoghbi MG, Henriques MG. Evaluation of anti-inflammatory-related activity of essential oils from the leaves and resin of species of Protium. J Ethnopharmacol. 1999 Jul;66(1):57-69. PMID 10432208
  15. Amaral, M. P., Braga, F. A., Passos, F. F., Almeida, F. R., Oliveira, R. C., Carvalho, A. A., ... & Oliveira, F. A. (2009). Additional evidence for the anti-inflammatory properties of the essential oil of Protium heptaphyllum resin in mice and rats. Lat Am J Pharm, 28, 775-782. texte intégral
  16. Rao, V. S., Maia, J. L., Oliveira, F. A., Lemos, T. L., Chaves, M. H., & Santos, F. A. (2007). Composition and antinociceptive activity of the essential oil from Protium heptaphyllum resin. Natural Product Communications, 2(12), 1199-1202.
  17. Bandeira, P. N., Fonseca, A. M., Costa, S. M. O., Lins, M. U. D. S., Pessoa, O. D. L., Monte, F. J. Q., ... & Lemos, T. L. G. Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of resin of Protium heptaphyllum. Natural Product Communications, 2006, 1(2), 117-120.
  18. Kim, S. I.; Roh, J-Y; Kim, D-H.; Lee, H-S.; Ahn, Y-J. 2003. Insecticidal activities of aromatic plant extract and essential oils against Sitophilus oryzae and Callosobruchus chinensis. J. Stored Prod. Res., 39: 293-303.
  19. Pontes, Wendel José Teles et al. Chemical composition and acaricidal activity of the leaf and fruit essential oils of Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) Marchand (Burseraceae). Acta Amaz. [online]. 2007, vol.37, n.1, pp.103-109. ISSN 0044-5967. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0044-59672007000100012.
  20. Frischkorn, C.G.B., Frischkorn, H.E. & Carrazzoni, E. Cercaricidal activity of some essential oils of plants from Brazil. Naturwissenschaften (1978) 65: 480. doi:10.1007/BF00702834
  21. Araujo, D. A., Takayama, C., de-Faria, F. M., Socca, E. A., Dunder, R. J., Manzo, L. P., ... & Souza-Brito, A. R. (2011). Gastroprotective effects of essential oil from Protium heptaphyllum on experimental gastric ulcer models in rats. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, 21(4), 721-729. texte intégral
  22. De Lima EM, Cazelli DSP, Pinto FE, et al. Essential Oil from the Resin of Protium heptaphyllum: Chemical Composition, Cytotoxicity, Antimicrobial Activity, and Antimutagenicity. Pharmacognosy Magazine. 2016;12(Suppl 1):S42-S46. doi:10.4103/0973-1296.176113. texte intégral
  23. Siani, A. C., Ramos, M. F. S., Monteiro, S. D. S., Ribeiro-dos-Santos, R., & Soares, R. O. A. (2011). Essential oils of the oleoresins from Protium Heptaphyllum growing in the Brazilian Southeastern and their cytotoxicity to neoplasic cells lines. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants, 14(3), 373-378. [2]
  • Zoghbi, M.G.B.; Maia, J.G.S.; 1995. Volatile Constituents from leaves and stems of Protium heptaphyllum (Aubl.) March. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7: 541-543.