Aromathérapie

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Définition

Aromathérapie : Usage des huiles essentielles à des fins thérapeutiques

  • Terme créé par René-Maurice Gattefossé, [1] repris et développé pour l'usage médical par le docteur Jean Valnet [2]
  • L'aromathérapie moderne impose :
    • De nommer la plante sous son nom botanique international (dénomination latine binominale), espèce, sous-espèce et variété éventuellement
    • De préciser le chémotype (profil chimique ou chimiotype) retenu pour l'usage thérapeutique
    • D'indiquer l'organe de plante dont est issue l'huile essentielle
    • De détailler la forme galénique et sa voie d'administration
    • De spécifier le dosage et la durée de traitement [3]
  • Attention :
    • En langue anglaise, le terme « Aromatherapy » désigne les produits de soins corporels, de massage et de cosmétologie à base d' huiles essentielles. Elle peut être pratiquée par des non-médecins
    • En France, l' « Aromathérapie clinique », pratiquée par des médecins aromathérapeutes, désigne une « aromathérapie médicalisée » qui utilise les HE par voie interne :
      • Voie orale
      • Voie rectale
      • Voie vaginale
      • Voie aérienne : aérosols et inhalations
      • Voie cutanée

Effets anti-infectieux

Effets sur le système nerveux central

Effets dans la sphère gynécologique

Effet dans l'immunité

Effet dans la sphère cutanée

Effet dans la sphère rhumatologique

Effet dans les maladies cancéreuses

Précautions d'emploi

  • Éviter l'usage des huiles essentielles chez la femme enceinte et l'enfant de moins de 6 ans par voie orale
  • Prudence chez les patients aux antécédents de troubles neurologiques
  • Les suppositoires contenant des dérivés terpéniques sont contre-indiqués chez les enfants de moins de 30 mois et chez les enfants ayant des antécédents de convulsion fébrile ou d’épilepsie Lettre aux professionnels de santé 14/11/2011

Bibliographie

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  2. Valnet Jean. Aromathérapie. Ed. Maloine. Paris. 1964 et nombreuses éditions ultérieures
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